Thursday, 5 March 2015

The basics of Ebola

Before getting into the talk, lets first see, what is Ebola.
Ebola: Ebola is a disease caused by a virus, there are four strains of this virus and three of them can make you sick. After getting into the body, it causes the cells die and results in internal body bleeding thus resulting in the damage of everybody organ and system.
Image result for ebola
Symptoms of Ebola: Be cautious about the following symptoms, as it may be due to Ebola,

  • Fever
  • Severe headache
  • Muscle Pain
  • Weakness
  • Vomiting
  • Fatigue
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal Pain
  • Unexplained bleeding

The World Health Organisation, WHO has reported about 24000 confirmed or suspected cases of Ebola worldwide. It has affected mostly the Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. 

How you would feel that you have got Ebola: You should go for the proper medical assessment if you are suffering from last three weeks form general wellness, fever, headache, vomiting and sore throat. 
How Ebola spreads: You can be infected with Ebola, by coming in contact with the bleeding, Body fluids and organs of the infected Ebola person. Hospital and Laboratory workers, family members and social workers are at great risk of getting Ebola, so special precautionary measures are must prevent yourself from Ebola.
How you can be protected from Ebola: Health workers and family members are advised to strict to the following measures to protect themselves from Ebola.

  • Use face masks, Goggles, Gloves and grown.
  • Extra care to handle body fluids of Ebola sufferer.
  • Dispose the used medical equipment and used items of the Ebola sufferers.
  • Frequently washing hand with soap.

How is Ebola can be diagnosed: At the earlier stage Ebola symptoms like a headache, fever and body aches are similar to other body conditions, So consult infection clinic experts, if the symptoms prevail more for more than normal duration and if these symptoms, relapse regularly.

How can Ebola be treated: Currently no documented treatment or vaccines exist that can protect against Ebola. However, a majority of the effected Medicines are developed and are in the processes of testing, to treat this deadly diseases.

Patients diagnosed with Ebola are kept in isolation under intensive care and their blood pressure and oxygen levels are maintained at high level. Currently, two treatment options are extensively used to treat Ebola.
Image result for how to treat ebola
Hospital care: In hospital care the sufferers are given the fluid through intravenous measures to cope with the dehydration and keep their body fluids levels normal. 
ZMapp: This is an experimental treatment option of the Ebola sufferer and a combination of three Antibodies are given to the Patients of Ebola, to kill the virus.
Why is there is a low risk of Ebola spread: Ebola is not an easily transmitted infection like respiratory infections, the reasons are,

  • Ebola sufferers got the infection when the symptoms develop, so in the infectious condition, the people cannot move around as active as in normal condition, making the chances of spread low.
  • A country with an effective infection control system is at lower risk, to control the Ebola spread.
  • Public health practitioners are already advised for the alert of Ebola infection, especially in individuals returning from the suffered countries. Flight crew members are advised to provide strict preventive measures for the onboard persons, if any passengers, especially returning from the affected countries, suddenly develops the potential symptoms of Ebola.

How Ebola Spread among People: People who come in contact with the body fluids, Blood or organs of the infected person. 

  • Most people are affected while giving care to the Ebola-infected individuals and cleaning up their body fluids.
  • Most important information is that Ebola virus can survive for several days outside the human body, particularly on the skin if the sufferers, when it will be touch by the healthy individual, he may get the infection.
  • The infected person urine, saliva, stools and other body secretions contain Ebola virus.
  • Touching the mouthy of the infected person, having sex without the condom and handling unlisted medical equipment can cause the Ebola infection.

Importantly, Ebola is not spread through routine social contacts.

Who are at great Risk: Healthcare providers taking care of Ebola sufferers, friends and family within near connection with Ebola sufferers are in the greatest danger of having the infection,  simply because they might are exposed to the blood or entire body liquids of ill sufferers. Individuals may also turn out to be ill along with Ebola following holding contaminated animals. For instance, within The African continent, Ebola might spread due to dealing with bush meat (wild creatures sought for food) and connection with contaminated bats. Ebola may also end up being distributed via connection with items (like clothing, bed linen, fine needles, syringes/sharps or even healthcare equipment) which have been polluted using the computer virus.

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